Monday, 17 December 2012

Gen Buhari Is 70..A Profile


Muhammadu Buhari (born December 17, 1942) was a Major General in the Nigerian Army and a former military ruler of Nigeria from December 31, 1983 to August 27, 1985. He also ran unsuccessfully for the office of the President of Nigeria in the 20032007 and 2011 elections. His ethnic background is Fulani, and his faith is Islam; he is a native of Daura in Katsina State of Nigeria.
Minister of Petroleum
Having joined the army in 1962, Buhari first came to widespread public attention in 1976 when he became the Minister (or "Federal Commissioner") forPetroleum and Natural Resources under then-Head of State General Olusegun Obasanjo. Before then he served as Governor of the newly createdNorth-Eastern State during the regime of Murtala Mohammed. He later became head of the newly created Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation[2]in 1977.[3]
Buhari government
Major-General Buhari was selected to lead the country by middle and high-ranking military officers after a successful military coup d'etat that overthrew civilian President Shehu Shagari on December 31, 1983. At the time, Buhari was head of the Third Armored Division of Jos.[4] Buhari was appointed Head of State and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, and Tunde Idiagbon was appointed Chief of General Staff (the de facto No. 2 in the administration). Buhari justified the military's seizure of power by castigating the civilian government as hopelessly corrupt, and his administration subsequently initiated a public campaign against indiscipline known as "War Against Indiscipline" (WAI). Aspects of this campaign included public humiliation of civil servants who arrived late for work whilst guards were armed with whips to ensure orderly queues at bus stops.[5]
He also moved to silence critics of his administration, passing decrees curbing press freedoms and allowing for opponents to be detained up to three months without formal charges.[6] He also banned strikes and lockouts by workers[6] and founded Nigeria's first secret police force, the National Security Organization.[7] His government sentenced popular musician and political critic Fela Kuti to ten years in prison on charges that Amnesty International denounced as fabricated and politically motivated;[8] Kuti was later pardoned and released by Buhari's successor.[9] In another high-profile incident that sparked a diplomatic incident with Britain, British officials found Buhari's former transportation minister drugged in a crate marked for shipment to Lagos.[10]
According to the BBC, "Buhari's attempts to re-balance public finances by curbing imports led to many job losses and the closure of businesses."[11]These losses were accompanied by a rise in prices and a decline in living standards.[11] Some may hold contrary view to this assertion and call it mischievous though,[12] because Buhari is admired by many for his uprightness and stand against corruption. His government is revered for its ability to keep the country afloat by making progress through sheer economic ingenuity even when it rejected IMF loan and refused to adopt IMF conditionalities to devalue the Naira.[13] His government is praised for its gain in reducing inflation by refusing to devalue the nation's currency, the Nigerian Naira, curbing imports of needless goods, curtailing oil theft and using counter trade policy to barter seized illegally bunkered crude oil for needful goods like machineries, enabling it to export above its OPEC quota.[14]
[edit]Members
The Buhari Cabinet
OFFICE
NAME
TERM
Muhammadu Buhari
1984–1985
1984–1985
1984–1985
1984–1985
1984–1985
1984–1985
1984–1985
1984–1985
1984–1985
1984–1985
1984–1985
1984–1985
1984–1985
1984–1985
1984–1985
1984–1985
1984–1985
1985 coup and detention
In the face of the austerity measures, worsening economic conditions, and continued widespread corruption, Buhari was himself overthrown in a coup led by General Ibrahim Babangida and other members of the ruling Supreme Military Council (SMC) on August 27, 1985.[15] Babangida brought many of Buhari's most vocal critics into his administration, including Fela Kuti's brother Beko Ransome-Kuti, a doctor who had led a strike against Buhari to protest declining health care services.[9] Buhari was then detained in Benin City until 1988.[9]
Buhari's admirers believe that he was overthrown by corrupt elements in his government who were afraid of being brought to justice as his policies were beginning to yield tangible dividends in terms of public discipline, curbing corruption, lowering inflation, enhancing workforce and improving productivity.[16]
Later years
Buhari served as the Chairman of the Petroleum Trust Fund (PTF), a body created by the government of General Abacha, and funded from the revenue generated by the increase in price of petroleum products, to pursue developmental projects around the country. A 1998 report in New African praised the PTF under Buhari for its transparency, calling it a rare "success story".[17]However, the same report also noted that critics had questioned the PTF's allocation of 20% of its resources to the military, which the critics feared would not be accountable for the revenue.[17]
In 2003, Buhari contested the presidential election[18] as the candidate of the All Nigeria People's Party (ANPP). He was defeated by the People's Democratic Party nominee, President Olusẹgun Ọbasanjọ, by a margin of more than eleven million votes. It was claimed by Buhari's supporters and other members of the opposition that in some states, like Ebonyi, there were more votes than there were registered voters.[19][20] Although some allegations of fraud were proven in the courts and the conduct of the election was criticized by the Commonwealth Observer Group,[21] the consensus among Nigerians was that he should not waste his time in court as he did not have the necessary resources to "buy" himself justice[citation needed]. Eventually, the same court also decided that the level of proven electoral fraud was not sufficient to affect the outcome of the election and to warrant the cancellation of the whole Presidential election.
On 18 December 2006, Gen. Buhari was nominated as the consensus candidate of the All Nigeria People's Party. His main challenger in the April 2007 polls was the ruling PDP candidate, Umaru Yar'Adua, who hailed from the same home state of Katsina. In the election, Buhari officially took 18% of the vote against 70% for Yar'Adua, but Buhari rejected these results.[22] After Yar'Adua took office, the ANPP agreed to join his government, but Buhari denounced this agreement.[23]
In March 2010, Buhari left the ANPP for the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC), a party that he had helped to found. He said that he had supported foundation of the CPC "as a solution to the debilitating, ethical and ideological conflicts in my former party the ANPP".[24]
Buhari was the CPC Presidential candidate in the 16 April 2011 general election, running against incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan of the People's Democratic Party (PDP), Mallam Nuhu Ribadu of Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN), and Ibrahim Shekarau of ANPP. They were the major contenders among 20 contestants.[25] He was running on an anti-corruption platform and pledged to remove immunity protections from government officials.[10] He also gave support to enforcement of Sharia law in Nigeria's northern states, which had previously caused him political difficulties among Christian voters in the country's south.[5] However, he remains a "folk hero" to some for his vocal opposition to corruption.[10] Buhari won 12,214,853 votes, coming second to the incumbent president Goodluck Jonathan of the PDP, who polled 22,495,187 votes and was declared the winner.

Share This

7 comments:

  1. That produces an uninspiring average annual compound interest rate of 1.19 per cent, which is just below the current inflation rate.. [url=http://officialcanadagoosesoutlet.ca]canada goose[/url] The improved BrilliantColor technology could give DLP projectors an edge over similarly configured 3LCD models. This should be a free offer. We talked a little about water safety.
    For some years Jack and Charlie's "21" has had a standing order for 200 brace of grouse to be shipped from Inverness-shire, commencing on August 12, traditional start of the season in Scotland. [url=http://www.icanadagooseca.com]canada goose[/url] The best maternity advice is to stay away from clothing that isn't made for you. [url=http://officialcanadagoosesoutlet.ca]canada goose whistler parka[/url]
    [url=http://www.canadagoosejacketca.ca]canada goose[/url] Louboutin's footwear absolutely leap out and the man confesses which he products his footwear to become 'perfect combination of beauty as well as sex appeal' anf the associate likes making his or her rearfoot shoes adequate that they 'slow women lower and provides all of them a hotter operating.'Manolo BlahnikFirst factor you consider when you are beforehand to think of footwear will be the fantastic cheap christian louboutin create of Spiritual louboutin footwear. [url=http://www.onlinebeatsbydreoutlet.com]lil wayne beats by dre pro release date[/url]

    ReplyDelete
  2. Senior blockers may cost a little more than $100, with the catcher costing around $150 to $200. [url=http://www.vanessasac.com]vanessa bruno cuir[/url] progress, albeit slowly, and not throughout the entire city . If you have to work on Buy Nothing Day it's more difficult, you need to brink a packed lunch to work together with Coffee or Tea in thermos flask. The company demanded " a written statement that you have not sold and will not sell Merck Frosst's drug products to entities which are selling, or enabling for sale, such products into the United States," according to one document..
    You'd understand if you saw the area. [url=http://www.icanadagooseca.com]canada goose jackets[/url] It was nice to have everything come right to the house.. [url=http://officialcanadagoosesoutlet.ca]canada goose for sale[/url]
    [url=http://www.canadagoosejacketca.ca]canada goose down jackets[/url] 0 Comments You could maybe just be regarded a fresher otherwise you really are a very qualified one that has labored truly hard to deliver himself or herself as ardu and erudite while you have aspired, there are several means by which you will have the ability to usually make certain you just arrive at land up obtaining a whole new vocation. [url=http://www.onlinebeatsbydreoutlet.com]beats by dr dre boxing day sale[/url]

    ReplyDelete
  3. The apeman legend actually is older than the white man habitation of the Pacific Northwest. [url=http://www.vanessasac.com]Sac vanessa bruno[/url] My son and I reached the summit via the Long Path and Jessup Trail. Pe perioada in care masina e in atelier trebuie sa primiti un alt automobil de curtoazie. I think this is a significant level mainly because it???s uncommon that suppliers make their out of doors garments in Canada, and also a wonderful achievement looking at the supply of labor in our state.
    Food blogs like 101 Cookbooks and Cook Eat are amazing sources of inspiration. [url=http://www.expeditionparkaoutlets.ca]canada goose outlet[/url] Often people with feet of different sizes buy one pair each of the same shoe in two different sizes, leaving a closet full of unused mismatched shoes. [url=http://officialcanadagoosesoutlet.ca]canada goose whistler parka[/url]
    [url=http://www.canadagoosejacketca.ca]canada goose on sale[/url] But whether you agree or not with the views expounded in Racing Toward Armageddon by Michael Baigent [Harper Collins], there is no doubt that this is a book that needed to be written, if for no other reason than to open the debate on the increasingly important issues facing the continuation of civilization as we know it. [url=http://www.onlinebeatsbydreoutlet.com]buy beats by dre earbuds[/url]

    ReplyDelete
  4. Interagera med make och barn lagar faktiskt en utmanande arbete och man vill ha fullt k de n och k juridiska riktlinjer att i en domstol.. [url=http://www.vanessasac.com]sacs vanessa bruno soldes [/url] results were the Doulton armed motortricycle of 1899, mounting a Maxim HMG on a motorised tricyle carriage (actually a very stable wheelbase, except where taking corners), and the Sims Armoured Car of 1902, taking advantage of one of the first car chassis by building a lightly armoured body with a manually rotated MG-armed turret. We lost the economic war. Join our active message boards too! And download our nifty tool bar for Christian dieters.
    A great buffet lunch and then we are off on an open vehicle safari. [url=http://www.expeditionparkaoutlets.ca]canada goose jacket[/url] The most famous image of Marilyn is the one of her in a white halter neck dress with the grate .. [url=http://officialcanadagoosesoutlet.ca]canada goose outlet[/url]
    [url=http://www.canadagoosejacketca.ca]canada goose[/url] As audio enthusiasts, nature effortless to differentiate the quality of sound is robust or bad, and general users, to obviously know or perhaps a daily call time I-pod mp3 player sound quality is extremely good, unhealthy? Here, I teach show you tips on how to test the MP3 quality of sound. [url=http://www.onlinebeatsbydreoutlet.com]beats by dre pro kaufen[/url]

    ReplyDelete
  5. While most of these claims have some truth to them, some theorists are saying that the end result is absurd.. [url=http://officialcanadagoosesoutlet.ca]canada goose parka sale[/url] People wondered when the Acai berries would be a scam too. Creating a classroom community takes time, but it is time worth investing. You'll want fun and entertainment on Sunday but calls or unexpected developments may alter your plans..
    During building of the transCanada railway, two railroad workers found Hot springs in Banff. [url=http://www.expeditionparkaoutlets.ca]canada goose toronto[/url] In fact, in many patients doctors perform structural fat grafting (using the patient's own fat, from the abdomen or hips) to help restore soft tissue volume around the eyes.. [url=http://officialcanadagoosesoutlet.ca]canada goose outlet[/url]
    [url=http://www.canadagoosejacketca.ca]canada goose chilliwack[/url] Although carpal tunnel surgery is a commonly performed operation, the advent of the endoscopic approach has greatly reduced the severity and number of complications, according to a 2006 study in the "British Medical Journal." The surgery is technically called endoscopic carpal tunnel release surgery since it necessitates cutting the transverse carpal ligament inside the carpal tunnel. [url=http://www.onlinebeatsbydreoutlet.com]beats by dre 610[/url]

    ReplyDelete
  6. Costco is going to offer unprecedented discounts on a wide range of goods. [url=http://www.vanessasac.com]vanessa bruno cuir[/url] Like India, Canada has three branches, executive, legislative, and judicial. The ones that die as soon as they are brought into the door are the ones with puppies or kittens or are pregnant. Its popular names include the Pinwheel Galaxy or just the Triangulum Galaxy.
    Using its Teflon coating the Arctic, advanced material guard higher studio, 625 fill power duck within the insulating material, the style of the leather-based coat, which means you perform in whole comfort and ease, under 0 % Fahrenheit inside good shape. [url=http://www.expeditionparkaoutlets.ca]canada goose[/url] However, there are a few tips you need to consider before you go about your purchase. http://officialcanadagoosesoutlet.ca
    [url=http://www.canadagoosejacketca.ca]canada goose online[/url] Consequently inside the female's interest, he is by no means finished some thing wrong that is basically life'ss small "circumstances" that protect her or him by way of getting Dad in the time period!! I'sd to visit your own kitchen area, to obtain the remaining components regarding my very own lunchtime, in addition to right now there Most of us noticed 5 much more large jars associated with mayonnaise! It had been obtaining from fingers! All this mayonnaise for just about any number of four. [url=http://www.onlinebeatsbydreoutlet.com]best buy beats by dre red sox[/url]

    ReplyDelete
  7. The Renewable Campground Entrance Reserved Camping is available only to Martinsville Speedway season ticket holders. http://www.2012canadagoosepascher.fr So, Canada will and Latin America combined should top oout at 2.5 million. Smaller gauges would give a finer look but would need a much smaller hole to pull through.. The bus came and went driving by me without dropping anyone off!.
    Should you be reluctant because you feel human eye the baggage wont last that long along with youre incorrectly recognized. [url=http://www.expeditionparkaoutlets.ca]canada goose outlet[/url] I assure you will read it and re-read it many more times. [url=http://officialcanadagoosesoutlet.ca]canada goose sale[/url]
    [url=http://www.canadagoosejacketca.ca]canada goose outlet toronto[/url] Later he opened a boutique in Paris, luring clients in by providing them totally free coffee, but this program worked as he began attracting a prestigious clientele - because of his gorgeous shoes, not the coffee! Soon other sellers wanted to sell his shoes and he soon had a following in America. [url=http://www.onlinebeatsbydreoutlet.com]beats pro headphones on sale[/url]

    ReplyDelete